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Annie Henriette (Annie), Mrs Eliot Yorke (née de Rothschild) (1844-1926)

Annie Henriette de Rothschild was the daughter of Sir Anthony and Lady Louise de Rothschild. She spent her early years in Paris where her father was working in the House of de Rothschild Frères. From 1847, the family settled into 2, Grosvenor Place, London. Annie enjoyed a very happy, though tragically brief, marriage to Eliot Constantine Yorke who died five years after their wedding on 11 February 1873. The couple had lived at Hamble Cliff, Hamble, Hampshire, and Annie spent much of her time here after Eliot's death. Annie took a keen interest in education issues. In her youth she was closely involved with the classes at the Jews' Free School and she subsequently became a member of the Education Committee of Hampshire County Council. She was a dedicated worker on behalf of the Temperance movement and became President of the Band of Hope Union and other organisations. She was a talented artist and took great pleasure from recording her journeys in water-colour.

See also Named Collections, The Battersea Papers for sundry correspondence of Annie de Rothschild with her family and other sundry papers.

Annie, Mrs Eliot Yorke (née de Rothschild), volume of collected family watercolours, c.1850-1873

000/386, 2 volumes, 1 item

Two burgundy leather bound albums with gold tooling, each with 'A.R.' on front cover for Annie de Rothschild (1844-1926). The albums contain exquisite watercolour portraits of women (possibly family and friends), landscape rural views of England and European cities. Some works are signed by Annie, others by her mother Louise, lady Anthony de Rothschild (née Montefiore) (1821-1910). Also loose inside one album was found an undated letter written by Annie from Dublin to her mother regarding her mother's ill health.

Annie, Mrs Eliot Yorke (née de Rothschild), sketchbook, c.1860-1869

000/1709, 1 volume

Volume in three-quarter gilt-ruled dark brown morocco over brown linen decorated in gilt; with 'A.R.' on front cover for Annie de Rothschild. The album contains 84 pen and ink sketches by Annie de Rothschild, executed between c.1860 and 1869. The majority of the drawings are souvenirs of family trips to Ireland, Scotland (specifically the Isle of Skye), Frankfurt, Hamburg, Switzerland (Zermatt, Geneva, Lugano, the Righi), Italy (Rome on Good Friday), etc. Several images lampoon the rough weather, transport, and accommodations the tourists had to endure; but a spirit of boisterous cheerfulness prevails. Two memorable sketches show Sir Anthony, his daughters, and their party winding their way up the Grimsel Pass in Switzerland, led by Lady Louisa borne in a sedan chair by two sturdy mountaineers. Another outstanding drawing represents Charles Dickens reading from Nicholas Nickleby in a theatre. Besides the Rothschilds, individuals depicted in these drawings include Leonard Montefiore (1853-1879), Lord Henry Lennox (1821-1886), Benjamin Disraeli's secretary; and the Hon. Victor Alexander Yorke (1842-1867), son of Admiral Charles Philip Yorke, the 4th Earl of Hardwicke. In 1867 Victor Yorke abruptly sickened and died at Aston Clinton. This tragic incident eventually led to the marriage of Annie de Rothschild to his brother Eliot Constantine Yorke (1843-1878), equerry to the Duke of Edinburgh. Annie never remarried after her husband's early death.

The volume was for many years in the library at Beeleigh Abbey, Maldon, Essex, the country seat of William Foyle (1885-1963), co-founder and proprietor of the London bookshop of that name. William Foyle had the album rebound in 1941, and labelled "Travels 1860-1869. Ann R." His library was sold at auction in 1970; it was purchased by the Archive on the open market in 2006. 

Annie, Mrs Eliot Yorke (née de Rothschild), photographs, undated

000/2021, 1 item

Printed photograph Annie, the 'The Hon. Mrs Eliot Yorke'.