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Charlotte, Baroness Lionel de Rothschild (née von Rothschild) (1819-1884)

Charlotte von Rothschild, 'The never-to-be-forgotten Baroness', was the daughter of Carl von Rothschild of the Naples House and his wife, Adelheid Herz. She married her cousin, Lionel de Rothschild, in Frankfurt on 15 June 1836 and had five children. The couple lived at 148 Piccadilly and Gunnersbury Park, London. Charlotte and her family divided their time between Frankfurt and Naples. She drew her friends from a wide social circle: Disraeli was devoted to her and the editor of The Times, John Delane, admired her political and intellectual skills. Charlotte was an intellectual woman, linguistically gifted, and passionately involved in issues of education, not only for her own children but for the wider community.

Charlotte, Baroness Lionel de Rothschild (1819-1884), commonplace book, 1849-1854

000/1063, 1 volume

Commonplace book of Charlotte. This volume, written in Charlotte's handwriting, contains poems written by younger members of the Rothschild family, including Leonora, Evelina, Nathaniel, 1st Lord Rothschild, Leopold and Constance. There are also scripts of family entertainments and extracts from literary works. A number of the passages are in German and a few in French.

Charlotte, Baroness Lionel de Rothschild (1819-1884), correspondence, 1845-1873

000/84, 5 boxes

Charlotte's letters in this group are those addressed to her youngest son, Leopold, along with some to her husband and other children. She was a prodigious correspondent, writing elegantly and sharply about her life. Her involvement with the Jews' Free School in London and other charitable concerns occupied much of her time, and is recorded in these letters, which are in English. Charlotte's diaries between 1846 and 1859 survive. They are written in her native German and give an account of European political events, as well as recording personal impressions of her family, social circle and public figures.

Transcripts available in the Reading Room

5 records available

Charlotte, Baroness Lionel de Rothschild (1819-1884), diaries, 1846-1861

000/1066, 16 volumes

Written in German 'schrift' the diaries give a full and regular, if not daily, account of public and private events of the period.  Social and political news in both England and Europe is included as well as personal impressions of family, relatives, friends and public figures. The volume for 1857 is documented by an appointments diary written in English.

16 records available

Charlotte, Baroness Lionel de Rothschild (1819-1884), estate papers, 1894-1918

000/83, 2 boxes

Papers concerning the estate of Charlotte, including statements of interest due to various family members under the terms of her will.

Charlotte, Baroness Lionel de Rothschild (1819-1884), journals, 1837-1856

000/1067, 5 volumes

Charlotte's journals contain short biographical records of the progress of each of her children. Each volume begins its brief account with the year of the child's birth and ends in the Spring of 1856: Leonora, 1837-1856; Evelina, 1839-1856; Nathaniel, 1840-1856; Alfred, 1842-1856; Leopold, 1845-1856.

Charlotte, Baroness Lionel de Rothschild (1819-1884), passport, 1852

000/274/6 , 1 item

Passport for Charlotte, Baroness Lionel de Rothschild (1819-1884) and one chamber maid and one servant permitting travel to Frankfurt via Calais and Belgium, 1852.

Charlotte, Baroness Lionel de Rothschild (1819-1884), publications, 1853

000/2402, 1 volume

A Word in Due Season, relating to the divine service, by Israel Albu (from Berlin), (London: published by the author, 1853). This work, 'The object of which is to further and to exalt devotion and piety in the domestic circle is dedicated to the Baroness Lionel de Rothschild, the sincere friend of the poor, and the generous patroness of all who labour for the advancement of religious and intellectual culture among the Jews'.

Charlotte, Baroness Lionel de Rothschild (1819-1884), publications, 1859

000/1072, 1 volume

Addresses to Young Children by Charlotte de Rothschild, first published in 1859. Charlotte was involved in a number of philanthropic activities, not least of which was the Jews’ Free School. Two of her published works, Prayers and Meditations, and Addresses to Young Children, stemmed from her active work at the School.

Charlotte, Baroness Lionel de Rothschild (1819-1884), publications, 1873

000/1450, 1 volume

From January to December by Charlotte de Rothschild (Longmans, Green & Co., London, 1873).

Charlotte, Baroness Lionel de Rothschild (1819-1884), publications, 1876

000/271, 1 volume

Prayers and Meditations for Every Day of the Year, by Charlotte de Rothschild, (London: P. Valentine, 1876).  Dedicated to the memory of her daughter Evelina de Rothschild (1839-1866).

Charlotte, Baroness Lionel de Rothschild (1819-1884), publications, 1874

000/272, 1 volume

Easy and Economical Book of Jewish cookery Upon Strictly Orthodox Principles by Mrs J Atrutel (Alabaster & Passmore: London, 1874) dedicated to Charlotte de Rothschild.

Charlotte, Baroness Lionel de Rothschild (1819-1884), sales catalogues, 1884

000/1224, 1 item

Copy of a sales catalogue, Paris, 1884, of jewels inherited by ‘M L-M (sic) Rothschild’, 1884, being a catalogue of a sale of jewels of Charlotte, Baroness Lionel de Rothschild, held after her death.