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Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (1808-1879)

Lionel Nathan de Rothschild was the eldest son and main business heir of Nathan Mayer Rothschild. He spent some time at the University of Göttingen, before embarking on an apprenticeship in the family business in London, Paris and Frankfurt. Lionel was admitted to the family partnership in 1836 at a family gathering in Frankfurt to celebrate his marriage to his cousin, Charlotte, on 15 June. Nathan's death just days later left Lionel as senior partner in the new firm N M Rothschild & Sons, which he formed with his three brothers. Business continued steadily under Lionel and in the 1860s, New Court, the home of the business was rebuilt.

Lionel undertook a lengthy campaign to become the first Jewish Member of Parliament. He took his seat as Liberal Member for the City of London in 1858, 11 years after he was first elected. See below for papers relating to his campaign.

Lionel and his wife Charlotte (1819-1884) entertained a wide circle of friends at 148 Piccadilly and at Gunnersbury Park, many of whom actively supported Lionel's campaign to become the first Jewish Member of Parliament. In the 1850s, Lionel began to acquire large tracts of land in the Vale of Aylesbury which he children finally inherited and developed still further. He also bequeathed to them his magnificent collection of Old Master paintings.

Archive sources

Collections of private correspondence of Lionel are listed below. Rothschild family correspondence with Disraeli will be found in 000/11 - see Rothschild family papers: Sundry Correspondence, non-Rothschilds » Further correspondence of Lionel will be found in Named Collections, The Rushbrooke Collection »  For further private papers of Lionel see Named Collections, The Ascott Collection »

For private receipts and accounts of Lionel, see The London Banking house, Estates Department, Gunnersbury Park estate »  For papers relating to collections of Lionel at Gunnersbury and 148 Piccadilly, see Rothschild family papers: Estates

Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (1808-1879), degree certificate, 1825

000/274/7, 1 item

Matriculation degree certificate for Lionel de Rothschild (1808-1879) from Göttingen University, 1825.

Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (1808-1879), 'Journal through Germany, April 1827', 1827

000/239/7, 1 file

Photocopy of Lionel de Rothschild’s travel journal, 'Journal through Germany, April 1827'. The location of the original in unknown, but possibly from an archive in Frankfurt.

Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (1808-1879) and Charlotte von Rothschild (1819-1884), marriage contract, 1836

000/89, 1 file

Marriage contract between Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (1808-1879) and Charlotte von Rothschild (1819-1884). Lionel was admitted to the family partnership in 1836 at a family gathering in Frankfurt to celebrate his marriage to his cousin, Charlotte, on 15 June. The death of his father Nathan just days later left Lionel as senior partner in the new firm N M Rothschild & Sons, which he formed with his three brothers. Lionel and Charlotte entertained a wide circle of friends at 148 Piccadilly and at Gunnersbury Park, many of whom actively supported Lionel's campaign to become the first Jewish Member of Parliament. 

Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (1808-1879), private correspondence, letters to his wife and children, 1835-1878

000/13, 402 items

Correspondence of Lionel with his wife Charlotte and his children.

Transcripts available in the Reading Room

Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (1808-1879), private correspondence, letters to his mother and brothers, 1836

000/27, 46 items

Correspondence of Lionel Nathan de Rothschild with his mother and brothers. The letters mainly concern family matters such as the ill-health of his father Nathan, but some letters concern business.

Transcripts available in the Reading Room

Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (1808-1879) and Charlotte, Baroness Lionel de Rothschild (1819-1884), private correspondence, sundry letters received from family and friends, 1837-1892

000/31/3-4; 000/1434, 3 files

Sundry correspondence received by Lionel and Charlotte de Rothschild from family and friends. 000/1434 is a letter from Sir Henry Bulwer (1801-1872) during his time as Ambassador at the Spanish court of Isabella II, to Lionel Nathan de Rothschild 9 April 9th 1844 concerning recommendations on the appointment of a Spanish Minister in London.

Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (1808-1879) and Charlotte, Baroness Lionel de Rothschild (1819-1884), private correspondence, letters received from Constance, Lady Battersea, n.d.

000/44/3, 4 items

A small collection of letters sent to Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (1808-1879) and Charlotte, Baroness Lionel de Rothschild (1819-1884), from their niece, Constance Lady Battersea (née de Rothschild) (1843-1931), daughter of Lionel's brother, Sir Anthony de Rothschild (1810-1876).

Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (1808-1879), sundry correspondence as Austrian Consul General, 1845-1847

000/2016, 1 file

Papers of Lionel de Rothschild de Rothschild (1808-1879) as Austrian Honorary Consul General in London,1845-1847. Subjects include quicksilver and railways. 

Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (1808-1879), Grant of Freedom of the City of London, 1847

000/2275, 1 item

Grant of Freedom of the City of London, conferred upon Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (1808-1879) on 27 July 1847, the same year Baron Lionel was elected as MP for the City of London (altough he would not be able to take his seat for another eleven years until the discriminatory legislation against Jews was removed). Not much is known about personal affiliations of members of the Rothschild family to City Livery Companies. The English Rothschilds have traditionally been members of The Worshipful Company of Fishmongers, one of the Twelve Great Livery Companies of the City of London, and among the most ancient of the City Guilds. No evidence has come to light to confirm Nathan Mayer Rothschild being a member but it may be that the Fishmongers' were one of the few livery companies to admit Jews as members.

Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (1808-1879), Testimonial of Congratulations from the Manchester Jewish Community,, 1847

000/176/2, 1 item

Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (1808-1879): Testimonial of Congratulations from the Manchester Jewish Community, received upon his election to Parliament.

Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (1808-1879), library collections, 'Robertson's Hebrew Dictionary', 1814

000/239/5, 1 volume

Robertson’s Compendious Hebrew Dictionary Corrected and Improved by Nahum Joseph, Teacher of Hebrew. (Richard Cruttwell, Bath, 1814).  The volume is inscribed “Charlotte Rothschild, London, November 1818, bound May 19, given by Charlotte to her brother Lionel, written by Nat.” [This inscription would suggest that it was given by Nathan's daughter Charlotte (1807-1859) to her brother Lionel (1808-1879) in 1818, when Charlotte was 11 and Lionel 10, the inscription being written by their brother Nathaniel (1812-1870) when he was 6].

Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (1808-1879), library collections, 'Prayers of Thanksgiving', 1845; 1868

000/239/4, 2 volumes

Two slim volumes of prayers of thanksgiving composed by Rabbi Abraham Belais, privately printed and presented to Baron Lionel de Rothschild by the author:

  • Volume of prayers of thanksgiving composed by Rabbi Abraham Belais, (Valentine, Houndsditch, London) presented to Lionel de Rothschild  Rothschild on the return of Sir Moses and Lady Montefiore from a Russian mission, 1845;
  • Volume of prayers of thanksgiving (H.Abraham, Houndsditch, London) presented to 'Baron Rothschild by his obedient servant Dr.A. Belais'. The slim volume contains poems on the birth of a daughter [Princess Victoria] to Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, Thanksgiving for the 'Deliverance of our Jewish Brethren at Damascus', and poems in honour of  Sir Moses and Lady Montefiore. c.1868

Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (1808-1879), library collections, 'Le Peuple Juif', 1867

000/263, 1 volume

Le Peuple Juif, a poem written by Barthelemy and dedicated to Lionel Nathan de Rothschild. (Copy is signed by the author).

Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (1808-1879), passport, 1848

000/274/9, 1 item

Passport for Baron Lionel de Rothschild (1808-1879), despatch courier, permitting travel from Boulogne or Calais to London. Issued by the Austrian Embassy in Paris, 28 November 1848.

Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (1808-1879), photographs, n.d.

000/1695, 1 item

Oval framed photograph of Lionel Nathan de Rothschild. From the collection of his son Alfred de Rothschild (1842-1918), Halton House. This miniature can be seen on a desk  in the photograph of the Library, Halton House, in the photograph album in 000/880/20.

Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (1808-1879), Royal Commission for the Exhibition of 1851, sundry papers, 1851-1855

000/1260, 000/1445/1, 2 files

Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (1808-1879): Royal Commission for the Exhibition of 1851, sundry papers [photocopies]. The Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of All Nations, also known as the Great Exhibition or the Crystal Palace Exhibition (in reference to the temporary structure in which it was held), was an international exhibition which took place in Hyde Park, London, from 1 May to 15 October, 1851. It was the first in a series of World's Fairs, exhibitions of culture and industry that became popular in the 19th century. The event was organised by Henry Cole and Prince Albert, husband of Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom. Early in 1850, the Queen appointed a full Royal Commission for the Exhibition of 1851, a prestigious panel of bankers, scientists, engineers, architects, artists, merchants and Members of Parliament. For public reassurance, the treasurers were the bankers Arthur Barclay and Lionel de Rothschild. Queen Victoria subscribed an initial thousand pounds and Albert 500, with amounts equal to his offered by bankers Joshua Bates, Thomas Baring, Lionel de Rothschild and Anthony de Rothschild. Six million people (equivalent to a third of the entire population of Britain at the time) attended the Exhibition. 

  • letters from Lionel de Rothschild on the notepaper of Austrian Consulate General to Her Majesty's Commissioners for the Exhibition of All Nations, 1851 and 1853;
  • page from the Accounts for the Royal Commission for 1855, with signature of Lionel de Rothschild. 

[Note: The originals of these papers are held by the archive of the Royal Commission for the Exhibition of 1851, which is held by Imperial College London]. 

Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (1808-1879), pocket book, 1862-1863

000/239/6, 1 volume

Pocket book believed to have belonged to Lionel de Rothschild. The book contains jottings and figures, 1862-1863. A colour illustration on the inside cover suggests that the was the type of pocket book that was possibly given to emigrants leaving England by philanthropic organisations - "X has been presented with a passage to X in value. He herby acknowledges the above amount as a Debt of Honour and promises to do his utmost to repay it to help some future Emigrant." and the volume was used by Lionel.

Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (1808-1879), 'The Order of the Rose', 1859

000/2423, 1 item

Papers concerning Imperial Letters Patent, grant of title of Commander of the Order of the Rose upon Lionel de Rothschild (1808-1876); Anthony de Rothschild (1810-1876) and Mayer de Rothschild (1818-1874), 1859. The Imperial Order of the Rose ('Imperial Ordem da Rosa') was awarded by the Emperor of Brazil. It is a Brazilian order of chivalry, instituted by Emperor Pedro I of Brazil on 17 October 1829 to commemorate his marriage to Amélie of Leuchtenberg. On 22 March 1890, the order was cancelled as national order by the interim government of United States of Brazil.

Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (1808-1879), artefacts, Chemin de Fer du Nord railway token, c.1850

000/1911/6, 1 item

Ivory circular token of the Chemin de Fer du Nord and display stand. Given to Lionel de Rothschild (1808-1879), as an administrator, allowing him free travel on the railway.  The reverse depicts a locomotive of the company. With contemporary glass domed wooden miniature display case.

Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (1808-1879), artefacts, Lombardy and Central Italian Railway railway token, c.1860

000/1494, 1 item

Silver circular token granting free transport on the Lombardy and Central Italian Railway, c. 1860. One one side a decorative locomotive engine, engraved by Desaide-Roquelay.  On the other side an inscription: Mr le Baron Lionel de Rothschild.When the new Imperial Lombardo-Venetian and Central Italian Railway Company company was launched in 1856, £1.2 million of its £6 million shares were taken by an English group led by the London house, which also undertook a £3.1 m bond issue for the company. The Rothschilds and their associates, as majority shareholders, controlled over 600 miles of Italian railways, which were soon merged with the Austrian Sudbahn (bought by James from the Austrian government in 1858 for 100 million gulden) to form the South Austrian Lombardo-Venetian and Central Italian Railway Company. Another railway token, of the Chemin de Fer du Nord, given to Lionel de Rothschild (as an administrator, allowing him free travel on the railway will be found in 000/1911/3.

Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (1808-1879), will, probate and sundry papers, [1863]; 1878-1899

000/176/3-5, 13; 000/972, 5 folders

Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (1808-1879): draft of will, [1863]; typescript copy of will dated 1878; Probate of will, 1879; sundry papers relating to his will; papers concerning his life insurance, papers concerning inheritances, 1878-1883; succession duty accounts, 1879-1899.

Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (1808-1879), Division of property between his three sons, 1882

000/176/11, 1 volume

Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (1808-1879): List of property formerly in the possession of Baron Lionel de Rothschild of 148 Piccadilly and now divided by consent of the Baroness Lionel de Rothschild between her three sons, Sir N.M. de Rothschild Bart., M.P., Alfred de Rothschild Esq, Leopold de Rothschild Esq. Small maroon leather volume with entries in manuscript describing the collections of Baron Lionel de Rothschild divided amongst his sons, Nathaniel Mayer (1840-1915), Alfred (1842-1918) and Leopold (1845-1917). The volume is arranged by the name of the recipient, and then by object type (Pictures, Sevrès, Objects de Vitrine, Silver and silver-gilt etc.), or location (Library, Dining Room etc.). The property was valued and divided into three lots by Messrs Frederick Davis and Charles Davis of Pall Mall ‘according to the common and perfect consent of Sir N.M. de Rothschild Bart., M.P.’ The volume is signed by the three Rothschild brothers and Frederick and Charles Davis.

See also Named collections: the Rushbrooke Collection I for further volumes relating to the division of the collections and property of Baron Lionel de Rothschild between his three sons: A List of No.1 Lot belonging to Sir N M de Rothschild Bart., arising out of the division of property in 148 Piccadilly into three different lots between Sir N M de Rothschild Bart MP, Alfred de Rothschild Esq and Leopold de Rothschild Esq. (000/848/48/1), and A list of silver and silver-gilt plate taken by Sir N M de Rothschild, Mr A de Rothschild and Mr L de Rothschild arising out of the division of property of Baron Lionel de Rothschild in 148 Piccadilly into three lots. (000/848/48/2).

Baron Lionel de Rothschild's campaign to enter Parliament

In 1847 Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (1808-1879) stood as a Liberal candidate for the City of London. On the 8th of July in that year a meeting of Liberal electors endorsed him as a candidate along with Lord John Russell, James Pattison and Sir George Larpent. His principal concern was to integrate the theme of Jewish Emancipation into the broader Liberal agenda of civil and religious liberty. His determination was that the Liberals should adopt Jewish Emancipation as a cause.

In the ensuing poll he came third, with 6792 votes, only a few hundred behind the Prime Minister, Lord John Russell, who came first in the poll. On hearing of his success, his Uncle Salomon wrote from Vienna congratulating him for the wonderful achievement on behalf of the Jewish community at large. Throughout the campaign, people had been aware that Lionel, if he was elected, would face the problem of having to take an oath on the Bible (both the Old and New Testaments), on “the true faith of a Christian”.

Once Lionel had been elected, Russell introduced a Jewish Disabilities Bill, which would have overcome this problem. The Bill was passed in the Commons in February 1848. However, the Lords threw it out in both 1848 and 1849. Lionel was re-elected in 1849 winning by a two to one majority. On 25 July 1850 there was a meeting of electors at the London Tavern which resolved that Lionel should take up his seat in the House. Lionel duly turned up the next day. The Clerk rose to tender the oath. Lionel demanded to swear on the Old Testament. There were howls of protest from the Tory benches. Lionel was called upon to withdraw, which he did. He reappeared on 29 July 1850 and got right through the oath until the final clause where he had to swear “upon the true faith of a Christian” at which point he had to withdraw. “I omit these words as not binding on my conscience”. In 1851, another Bill was thrown out by the Lords, and in 1852, Lionel was re-elected for London. In each year from 1853 to 1857, the Disabilities Bill was put to the Lords and defeated. In 1857 Lionel was re-elected, this time coming second in the Poll. This time, when the Bill was again defeated, he resigned from his seat but was returned at the subsequent by-election.

Disraeli had now become the Prime Minister and was keen not have Conservative Peers block the Disabilities Bill in the Lords. He therefore arrived at a compromise whereby each House was allowed to decide for itself the formula which it used to administer the oath. The House of Lords therefore became an irrelevance to the issue and Lionel’s re-entry to the Commons followed without further protest. He finally took his seat in 1858 and remained in the House until 1874.

For more information about Lionel’s campaign see our online exhibition From Bank to Westminster »

Further papers concerning Lionel's campaign will be found in Named Collections, The Ascott Collection » ; a volume of press cuttings entitled ‘Baron Rothschild and the House of Commons Debate etc. 1850’ containing press cuttings taken from The Times relating to the circumstances leading to Lionel's entry to the House of Commons in 1850 and a copy of the House of Commons division list on the vote on the Jewish Disabilities Bill (000/924/4/2); a further volume, (000/924/4/3) contains newspaper and magazine articles on the death of Lionel de Rothschild in 1879.        

Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (1808-1879), papers concerning his campaign to enter Parliament, artefacts, 1858

000/669, 1 item

Framed illuminated address from the vestry of the Great Synagogue, London, to Baron Lionel Nathan de Rothschild on the occasion of his entry into the House of Commons.  

Lionel Nathan de Rothschild Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (1808-1879), papers concerning his campaign to enter Parliament, sundry correspondence, 1848

000/573/6/5-6, 1 folder

A small collection of sundry correspondence concerning Baron Lionel de Rothschild's campaign to enter Parliament. This collection originates from a tin trunk labelled 'Box 64' from the New Court vaults.

  • Letter, 5 July 1848 from J.Brogden, J. to Baron Lionel de Rothschild, including a list of names who might be of assistance to his campaign;
  • Letter, 8 January 1848 from Bradenham to Baron Liobnel de Rothschild;
  • Letter, 10 January 1848 from James Gernon, to Baron Lionel de Rothschild, regarding the progress being made signing names to a petition; 
  • Letter, undated, to Baron Lionel de Rothschild, regarding sending proofs of a further draft and the writer’s father’s poor health due to influenza; 
  • Letter, undated, to Baron Lionel de Rothschild, regarding re-drafting sections of a statute on Jews. 
  • Notes, undated, regarding the laws prohibiting Jews from standing in the House of Commons, prohibiting David Salomons from satanding as Sheriff of London and Sheriff of the Kent, and the Religious Opinions Relief Bill of 1846.
  • Minutes, 29 August [no year given] of an Interview in Downing Street with Lord John Russell on the part of the City Deputation in reference to the removal of Jewish Disabilities. 

Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (1808-1879), papers concerning his campaign to enter Parliament, 'City Electors' List' ('Poll Book'), 1847

000/2027/1, 1 volume

This volume, also known as a ‘Poll Book’ is entitled 'City Electors list' 1847 and is a record of votes cast in the 1847 election. The volume records the names of the nine candidates who stood at the election, and the name and address of each individual who placed a vote. Each voter was allowed to place up to four votes. The four Members of Parliament securing the most votes were duly elected. Until the adoption in 1872 of the secret ballot, Acts of Parliament of 1696 and 1711 together required the keeping of a record of who had voted and how they voted. A copy was retained by the Clerk of the Peace and made available to anyone making enquiry. This volume appears to have been made privately. (note: the volume  was retained for many years in the Partners’ Room at New Court, where, probably in the 1920s, it was given the reference NMR 18/2).

For further information about this volume, see the article 'New light on the 1847 election in the City of London' by Vic Gray in The Rothschild Archive Annual Review 2010-2011.

Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (1808-1879), papers concerning his campaign to enter Parliament, sundry printed material, c.1847-1851

000/2323/1-5, 5 items

Sundry printed material relating to Lionel de Rothschild (1808-1879) and his campaign to enter Parliament:

  • Mounted print of an engraving captioned Election de M de Rothschild, Londres, n.d. (printed in an unidentified French newspaper); 
  • Defamatory notice printed by King, College Hill City of London 'To the electors' claiming that Lionel 'is' guilty of bribery and corrupt practices in the election held 29 July 1847; 
  • Defamatory notice on the subject of 'Free Trade' mocking Lionel's position on the subject, 1849;
  • Engraving from an unknown French newspaper 'Election anglaises - Députiés de la Cité des Londres, M.Masterman, Lord John Russel, M.Pattison, M.de Rothschild’ showing the four MPs elected for the city constituency. The date '1847' has been added in manuscript;
  • Cutting from an unknown newspaper concerning Lionel de Rothschild’s parliamentary speech, 1847.

Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (1808-1879), papers concerning his campaign to enter Parliament, pamphlets, 1847

000/2210, 1 item

Pamphlet Ought Baron de Rothschild to sit in Parliament? An Imaginary conversation between Judaeus & Amicus Nobilis, by Barnard van Oven M.D. London Effingham, Wilson, 11 Royal Exchange, 1847. A pamphlet arguing in favour of Jewish emancipation.

Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (1808-1879), papers concerning his campaign to enter Parliament, pamphlets, 1850-1851

000/1146, 2 items

Modern photocopies of Rothschild & Victory And the glorious majority of 3515 and Rothschild for Ever! And the City won't be conquer'd: two sheets of verse dated 1850 and 1851 respectively, celebrating Lionel’s election victory. 

Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (1808-1879), papers concerning his campaign to enter Parliament, pamphlets and sundry publications, 1753-1851

000/573/6/1-4, 7-29, 27 items

A small collection of sundry manuscripts, pamphlets, tracts and publications concerning the question of religious disabilities in Great Britain in the cases of Jews, Quakers and Roman Catholics. It is believed this set of printed material was compiled by Lionel de Rothschild in support of his campaign to enter the House of Commons, and kept at New Court. This collection originates from a tin trunk labelled 'Box 64' from the New Court vaults.

  • Opinion on Baron Lionel de Rothschild's case That there is not any existing law which renders Jews as such incapable of being elected and returned to Parliament as a Member of the House of Commons. Signed Kelly, Fitzroy, Austin, C., Blunt, J.E., Peacock, B., and Waley, Jacob.
  • Statement as to the rights of Jews to sit in Parliament, compiled by Chatfield and Wingate. 
  • Opinion of Edward Whitehurst upon Baron Lionel de Rothschild's position as duly elected member for the City, 1853. 
  • Opinion of Chatfield and Wingate upon Baron Lionel de Rothschild’s position as duly elected member for the City, undated.
  • Substance of a Speech of the Motion of Lord John Russell for a Committee of the Whole House with a view to the removal of the remaining Jewish Disabilities, delivered by the Right Honourable W.E. Gladstone, 16 December 1847.
  • A reply to the Considerations on the Bill to permit Persons professing the Jewish Religion to be naturalized. A pamphlet, hostile to the extension of political privileges or the right of Naturalisation to Jews, 1753. 
  • Address to the Freeholders and Electors of Great Britain on the clamour raised against the Bill to permit Persons to apply for Naturalisation professing the Jewish Religion by an Orthodox member of the Church of England. A pamphlet with an Appendix which includes a list of contemporary Jewish Merchants. 
  • Act for the Relief of His Majesty’s Roman Catholic Subjects 10 George IV Cap VII. 13 April 1829.
  • Report of the Select Committee on Quaker’s Affirmation, 11 February 1833.
  • Statement of the Civil Disabilities and Privations Affecting Natural Born Subjects of His Majesty Professing the Jewish Religion, Commonly Called Jews, 1829. 
  • Acts for removing Doubts as to the Declarations to be made and Oaths to be taken by Persons appointed to the Office of Sheriff of any City or Town being a County of itself. 5&6 William IV Cap XXVIII, 1835
  • Draft of a Bill to be entitled “An Act to amend the Law for the Registration of Persons entitled to vote in the Election of Members to serve in Parliament", 1847.
  • A Few Remarks on the Social and Political condition of British Catholics. Pamphlet by the Earl of Arundel and Surrey, 1847. 
  • Plain Reasons why the Church should acquiesce in the admission of Jews into Parliament. A leaflet by the Reverend Harold H. Sherlock, Rector of Ashton-le-Willows. 20 November 1847. 
  • Seventh Report on Public Petitions, 16-17 December 1847, including statements For & Against the removal of Jewish Disabilities.
  • Form of Petition “For the Removal of Jewish Disabilities” to Parliament. 
  • A Word with the Earl of Winchelsea by “one of the people” in defence of Jewish Emancipation. A pamphlet being being a reply to an address by the Earl of Winchelsea, 1848.
  • A Free Inquiry into the Policy of Admitting the Jews into Parliament and Full Participation in the Advantages, Honours and Privileges of British Denizens, viewed as regards Religion, Justice, and Expediency. A pamphlet and public letter by Francis Higginson, 1848.
  • Progress of Jewish Emancipation since 1829. A tract dated 15 January 1848.
  • Speech delivered in the House of Commons by Russell, Lord John on 16 December 1847 in favour of the removal of Jewish Disabilities. Printed in 1848. 
  • A Bill entitled “An Act for abrogating the Oath of Abjuration and the Assurance.” Presented by Lord Lyndhurst.
  • Address of the Liberal Candidates for the City of London, May 1852, signed by Lord John Russell, Baron Lionel de Rothschild and James Duke.
  • Humble Petition of the Inhabitants of the Borough of Marylebone that Jews may be allowed to sit in Parliament.
  • Division List of the House of Commons on the Jewish Disabilities Bill. Sessions 1847, 1848, 1849 and relative motions in 1850, published in 1851. 
  • Division List of the House of Lords, Second Reading of Jewish Disabilities Bill 1848, Third Reading of Jew’s Declaration Bill and Division Lists of “Not Contents”.
  • The Proscriptions and Persecutions of the Jews with reflections on Religious Proscriptions. A pamphlet, by M. Bignon, 1848.
  • Progress of Jewish Emancipation since 1829, 1848. An annotated proof copy. 
  • Members of the House of Commons, 1848 and List of Members of the House of Commons, 1848. Printed lists of members annotated to show voting preferences in the Jewish Disabilities Bill. 

Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (1808-1879), papers concerning his campaign to enter Parliament, prayers, 1847

000/239/3, 1 volume

Printed and bound Hymn and Prayer...on the ...election of Baron Lionel de Rothschild as MP for the City of London by Rabbi Abraham Belais, (London [1847]). This volume bears the embossed name, "Sir A de Rothschild Bt.", indicating that it was the personal copy of Lionel's younger brother, Anthony Nathan de Rothschild (1810-1876).

Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (1808-1879), papers concerning his campaign to enter Parliament, press cuttings, 1847

000/235/2, 1 item

Press cuttings concerning the election of Lionel to Parliament as MP for the City of London, 1847.

Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (1808-1879), papers concerning his campaign to enter Parliament, press cuttings, 1847

000/2674/1, 1 item

Extract from The Pictorial Times, Saturday 7 August 1847, Vol X, No.230: 'A Sign of the Times'. The article concerns Baron Lionel Nathan de Rothschild's election  to the House of Commons.

Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (1808-1879), papers concerning his campaign to enter Parliament, press cuttings, 1850

000/2674/2, 1 item

Extract from The Illustrated London News, Saturday 3 August 1850, No.439, Vol XVII: 'The Jewish Question'. The article concerns Baron Lionel Nathan de Rothschild's election to the House of Commons, and the admissibility of Jews.

Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (1808-1879), papers concerning his campaign to enter Parliament, press cuttings, 1858

000/1740, 1 item

Issue of Punch No. 873 Volume 34, 3rd April 1858 containing an article 'The Passport System' a satirical article on Lionel Nathan de Rothschild becoming an MP.

Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (1808-1879),150th anniversary of Baron Lionel de Rothschild taking his seat in the House of Commons, commemorative events, sundry papers, 2008

000/1924, 1 file

Lionel de Rothschild (1808-1879), 150th anniversary of Baron Lionel de Rothschild taking his seat in the House of Commons, sundry papers concerning commemorative events held at The National Gallery and the House of Lords. These events were hosted by Jacob, 4th Lord Rothschild and his son, Nat Rothschild:

  • Invitation to lecture held at National Gallery, Tuesday 24 June 2008 by Niall Ferguson; 
  • Invitation to a buffet lunch held Thursday 17 July 2008 at House of Lords;
  • Transcript of speech given by Lord Rothschild;
  • Booklet detailing history of the Baron Lionel de Rothschild taking his seat.

Lionel de Rothschild (1808-1879), 150th anniversary of Baron Lionel de Rothschild taking his seat in the House of Commons, secondary sources, 'Westminster Hour', 2008

000/1926, 2 CDs

Lionel de Rothschild (1808-1879), 150th anniversary of Baron Lionel de Rothschild taking his seat in the House of Commons, secondary sources, Westminster Hour: CD recording of Hannah Rosenfelder's articles on Westminster Hour on BBC Radio 4 for the 150th Anniversary of Baron Lionel de Rothschild's entry into Parliament. The programmes were originally broadcast on 13 July 2008 and 20 August 2008.