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Rózsika, Mrs Charles Rothschild, (née von Wertheimstein) (1870-1940)

Rózsika Rothschild was born in 1870 in Nagyvárad, then in Austria-Hungary, as the Honourable Rózsika Wertheimstein, daughter of a retired army officer, Baron Alfred Edler von Wertheimstein. Rózsika was a descendent of a Jewish family who were one of the wealthiest families in Europe and had made their fortune in the 17th century. She grew up as one of seven children. She was fiercely intelligent, multi-lingual and a champion lawn tennis player in Hungary.

In 1907, she married the banker and entomologist Charles Rothschild (1877-1923). The couple had first met when Charles was on a butterfly-collecting trip in the Carpathian Mountains. The couple married in Vienna, and although the family mainly lived at their estate, Ashton Wold in Northamptonshire, Charles became particularly attached to Hungary. The family maintained a London house, Arundel House, Palace Green in Kensington. Charles and Rozsika had had four children, Miriam Louisa Rothschild (1908–2005), a natural scientist, Elizabeth Charlotte Rothschild (1909–1988), (known as 'Liberty'), Nathaniel Mayer Victor Rothschild (1910–1990), (later to become Victor, 3rd Lord Rothschild) and Kathleen Annie Pannonica Rothschild (1913–1988), (known as 'Nica', later Baroness Nica de Koenigswarter). 

After the tragically early death of her husband in 1923, she brought up her four children alone, and was to endure the pain of the loss of almost her entire continental family during the Second World War. She spent her last years in London.

Rózsika, Mrs Charles Rothschild, correspondence, c.1914-c.1920

000/988, 1 box

A collection of letters from and about prisoners of war, mainly Hungarian prisoners held by Russia, but also others in the United Kingdom and elsewhere, addressed to and from Rózsika Rothschild. The letters relate in part to the Red Cross.

Rózsika, Mrs Charles Rothschild, correspondence and papers concerning Hungarian affairs, c.1919-1932

000/1384, 1 box

Papers relating to affairs in Hungary, from the Treaty of Versailles in 1919 to 1932. The papers appear to have been collected by Rózsika Rothschild, to whom some correspondence is addressed. The papers were originally in one box file; they are now arranged into three folders and include printed material, c.1920 (tracts concerning Hungarian and Roumanian Jews, in Hungarian, memorandum in English on refugees expelled by the Roumanians, Proceedings of Parliamentary debates concerning Hungarian Peace questions etc.); sundry correspondence c.1920-1932 concerning Hungarian financial matters, including letters from Anthony de Rothschild to Rozsika; sundry press cuttings and articles concerning Hungarian financial and social issues.

Rózsika, Mrs Charles Rothschild, correspondence, 1938

000/992, 1 item

Typed eight-page letter from Rózsika Rothschild from 4 Palace Green, London, 10 May 1938.  The name of the recipient has been blotted out but is probably a British Government official, Sir Robert [?], the signature has been cropped to protect the identity of the writer, as she requested. The letter accompanied a memorandum written by M Teleszky, former Hungarian Minister of Finance and forwarded by Rózsika at his request. Rózsika, having returned from a month's stay in Budapest, writes passionately about Hungary's néed of British help to protect the country from Nazi incursion.

Rózsika, Mrs Charles Rothschild, photographs, n.d.

000/953, 000/1001, 2 items

Photographs of Rózsika Rothschild as a young woman.