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Edmond de Rothschild (1845-1934)

Baron Edmond de Rothschild, the youngest son of James and Betty, and bore the Hebrew name Benjamin. He was born in Paris on 19 August 1845. Edmond joined the Paris House in 1868 becoming a director of the Est railway company and other family concerns. He made journeys to Bukharu to examine the potential of the oilfields of the area.

Baron Edmond de Rothschild and Palestine

In the 1880s Edmond funded Jewish settlements in Palestine and encouraged the development of agriculture and industry. In 1895, he visited Palestine for the first time. Until his death, 'The Benefactor', as he was known, provided support for Jewish colonists, overseeing dozens of new colonies. Rishon le Zion (the First in Zion) was followed by others bearing the names of his parents. In 1899, responsibility for the Rothschild settlements was transferred to form the Palestine branch of the Jewish Colonisation Association. In 1924 Baron Edmond de Rothschild created a separate Association to manage these settlements – the Palestine Jewish Colonisation Association (PICA) – under the direction of his son, James de Rothschild (1878-1957). As well as offices in Palestine, PICA had offices in Paris. 

Administrative records created by this office were transferred to Waddesdson Manor by James after the Second World War. They contain correspondence, financial records, censuses, photographs and publications relating to the management of the settlements, land ownership, individual settlers, and the politics of Jewish settlement in Palestine, as well as industry, vineyards, and agriculture. These records are now held by The Archive, Windmill Hill, Waddesdon Manor »

A few sundry papers relating to PICA will be found in the papers held by the Rothschild Archive; these include the Memorandum and Articles of Association of the Jewish Colonisation Association, 1891, and some correspondence and reports relating to Palestinian colonies supported by Edmond, 1899, which will be found in the Lafite Papers (OE 532). A copy of the British Government report  Palestine: Report on Immigration, Land Settlement and Development (Cmnd 3686), by John Hope Simpson, C.I.E. (His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, October 1930) will be found in 000/2581.

The Archive holds very little private correspondence of Baron Edmond de Rothschild, although some papers concerning his collections will be found in The Moscow Papers (58 series) »

Edmond de Rothschild, artefacts, yacht gavel, c.1898

000/2265, 000/2291, 2 items

Brass and wooden yacht gavel c.1898 from the TSY Atmah, the steam yacht owned by Baron Edmond de Rothschild (1845-1934). 000/2291 is a postcard of TSY Atmah at Le Havre, c.1900.

Edmond de Rothschild, artefacts, commemorative coins, 1982

000/778/2, 1 item

Israeli Coin: proof 10 shequalim, 1982, with cameo of Baron Edmond de Rothschild.

Edmond de Rothschild, sundry correspondence concerning charities, c.1860-1880

000/2676, 11 items

A small collection of letters concerning charitable donations, funds, and investments, sent to Edmond James de Rothschild. Many of the letters are in Edmond's hand and concern references to the contents of the letters he has received, and instructions he wrote to himself or to the recipient, about how to handle various requests addressed to him by various parties in Paris. The letters were sent between the 1860s and the 1880s on Aerogram with French postage stamps.

Edmond de Rothschild, autograph book, c.1850-1890

000/2470, 1 volume

Small green leather bound book belonging to Edmond de Rothschild (1845-1934) in which he collected signatures.  Includes signatures of Disraeli and the Duke of Montebello amongst others. Many pages are empty. 

Edmond de Rothschild, catalogues of collections, c.1895

000/2224, 1 volume

Le Tresor D'Argenterie de Boscoreale, a catalogue of the silverware from Boscoreale, near Pompeii donated to the Louvre by Baron Edmond de Rothschild, c.1895.

Edmond de Rothschild, catalogues of collections, 1930

000/2344, 1 volume

Le Tresor de Tarente (Collection Edmond de Rothschild), Pierre Wuillemuir, Paris, Librarie Ernest Leroux, 1930. A study and description of Baron Edmond de Rothschild's collection of Tarentine goldwork and decorative arts.

Edmond de Rothschild, papers concerning his death, 1934

000/2151, 1 volume

Chief Rabbinate Palestine Broadside in Hebrew, exhorting the community to pray for Baron Edmond de Rothschild, 1934.

Edmond de Rothschild, papers concerning his death, 1934

000/1604, 1 item

Broadside announcing the death of Edmond de Rothschild in Hebrew. With overprinted Ottoman stamp. 

Edmond de Rothschild, papers concerning his death, c.1934

000/2056, 1 item

Notice regarding the eulogies for Baron Edmond de Rothschild. Hebrew. c.1934.

Edmond de Rothschild, papers concerning his death, 1934

000/1530, 1 item

Poster in Hebrew, produced in Tel Aviv in memory of Edmond de Rothschild, one month after his death.

Edmond de Rothschild, memorial sermon, 1934

000/615, 000/1173, 1 item

Two copies of the Memorial Sermon by Dr Herzl for given at the Great Synagogue for Edmond de Rothschild, 13 December 1934.

Edmond de Rothschild, sundry papers, 1937-1938

000/1446, 1 item

Pamphlet in Hebrew, being the rules and regulations of a charity. Depicts Baron Edmond de Rothschild on the cover.

Edmond de Rothschild, photographs, c.1920

000/510, 1 item

Copy print of photograph of Edmond de Rothschild.

Edmond de Rothschild, photographs, c.1924

000/1994, 1 file

Four photographs of Baron Edmond de Rothschild in Palestine (Yaacov Ben Dov photographer): Discours Socolow a Meyer-Schfeye; entry of Baron Rothschild to Jerusalem; Mr Le Baron Edmond de Rothschild and Sir Herbert Samuel.

Edmond de Rothschild, postcards, c.1955

000/1446, 000/1573, 2 items

Black and white postcard of Baron Edmond de Rothschild's mausoleum in Israel.  The message on the reverse of the card is dated 1955; postcard depicting black and white engraving of Baron Edmond de Rothschild.

Edmond de Rothschild, secondary sources, 1928

000/2572, 1 volume

Baron Edmond Rothschild, The story of a Practical Idealist, David Druck (Hebrew Monotype Press, New York, 1928).

Edmond de Rothschild, secondary sources, 1945

000/2572, 1 volume

Edmond de Rothschild, Palestine Pioneer, Isaac Nalditch (Zionist Organisation of America, Washington D.C., 1945).

Edmond de Rothschild, secondary sources, 1954

000/2151, 1 volume

HaYishuv (Father of the Yishuv), Baron Edmond de Rothschild, by G. Avi Kressel 1954.

Edmond de Rothschild, secondary sources, 1974

000/2560, 1 volume

Exhibition catalogue Les incunables de la Collection Edmond de Rothschild. La gravure en rlief sur bois et sur metal, Xe Exposition de la Collection Edmond de Rothschild, Musee du Louvre, 22 Juin- 7 Octobre 1974. Catalogue of an exhibition of incunabula (early printed books, before 1501) with engravings in wood and metal from the Edmond de Rothschild (1845-1934) collection.