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Maurice de Rothschild (1881-1957)

Maurice Edmond Charles de Rothschild was the second son of Edmond de Rothschild and was born at Boulogne-sur-Seine on 19 May 1881. He was considered by some members of the family to be a wayward character, displaying rather too fond an interest in leisure activities, and too little in the business which supported them. However, well into his middle years, he became a 'self-made' billionaire, through skilled investments in the markets.

Maurice created for himself a political career, serving as a senator for the Hautes-Pyrénées from 1919 and then from 1924 of the Hautes-Alpes. He followed his father into membership of the Academy of Fine Arts, in recognition of his collecting tastes which he had honed during a short spell as a picture dealer. Maurice had also organised a zoological expedition to Africa and wrote scientific papers.

Maurice had inherited some of the Rothschilds' finest properties: on rue du Monceau and rue du Faubourg Saint Honoré in Paris, Armainvilliers and Pregny, where he died on 5 September 1957. For many years he had lived apart from his wife Noémi Halphen whom he had married on 12 January 1909.

Further papers concernign Maurice's political career will be found in The Moscow Papers (58 series) »

Maurice de Rothschild, publications, 1922

000/590, 3 volumes

Scientific publications of Maurice de Rothschild (1881-1957):

000/590/1 ‘Voyage de M. le Baron Maurice de Rothschild en Ethiopie et en Afrique Orientale Anglaise (1904-1905)’ (Paris, 1922): Texte 'Résultats scientifiques' [Text]

000/590/2 Voyage de M. le Baron Maurice de Rothschild en Ethiopie et en Afrique Orientale Anglaise (1904-1905)’ (Paris, 1922): Atlas' [Plates]

000/590/3 'Extrait du Voyage de M. le Baron Maurice de Rothschild en Ethiopie et en Afrique Orientale Anglaise (1904-1905) - Hemipteres Homopteres’ (Paris, 1922). This is a printed extract from the volumes above and concerns beetles. 

Maurice de Rothschild, publications, 1922

000/1613, 1 volume

Recherches sur l'okapi et les girafes de l'est africain 2 vols. Maurice de Rothschild and Henri Neuville (Paris: Masson, 1910 & 1911). Extracts from Annales des Sciences naturelles, zoologie 9th series, vol. 10 & vol. 11. Includes coloured plate of okapi and coloured plate of giraffes, also black and white photographs including Rothschild giraffes.