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(Nathan) James Edouard de Rothschild (1844-1881)

James Edouard de Rothschild, the elder son of Nathaniel and Charlotte, was born in Paris on 28 October 1844. He developed an early interest in books and manuscripts, many items in his collection coming from his father as a reward for diligence in school. He studied he Law, pleading his first case in 1866, and published a number of legal works, some in connection with the Legal Society of Medicine in France, which he had founded.

He entered the French House in 1870, becoming a director of the Nord and Est railway companies. His son judged him to be 'clear-sighted, methodical and discerning', qualities he no doubt applied to his business as well as the collecting of books. His particular love was French literature of the mediaeval age, and he worked on a project to publish unedited manuscripts from the Bibliotheque Nationale. James founded the Society of Ancient French Texts and the Society of Jewish Studies.

He lived in Paris on the avenue Friedland with his wife Laura Thérèse. After his death on 25 October 1881, three days before his 37th birthday, she took over the administration of the hospital he had founded at Berck-sur-Mer.

(Nathan) James Edouard de Rothschild, publications, 1867

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De la naturalisation sous la loi du 3 décembre 1849 et des modifications introduites par la loi du 29 juin 1867, Nathan (James Edouard) de Rothschild (Paris: A. Marescq Ainé, 1867).  Extract from Revue pratique de droit français, 1 and 15 October, 1867.

(Nathan) James Edouard de Rothschild, publications, 1878-1891

000/2595, 6 volumes

Six volume set: Le Mistere du Viel Testament. Publi avec introduction, notes et glossaire, Baron James de Rothschild [Nathan James Edouard de Rothschild, 1844-1881] (Firmin Didot et Cie, Paris, 1878-1891). Red cloth binding.  Vol I: 1878; Vol II: 1879;  Vol III: 1881; Vol IV: 1882; Vol V: 1885; Vol VI: 1891.The Mystery of the Old Testament, published at the behest of The Society of Ancient French Texts. The Society was founded in Paris in 1875 with the aim of publishing documents written in the Middle Ages in the langue d'oil or langue d'oc. Its founding members included Arthur de Rothschild, Edmond de Rothschild, and Nathan James Edouard de Rothschild. From 1875 to 1936, the Society published an annual bulletin for its members, together with volumes of texts. Le Mistere du Viel Testament was printed at the expense of Nathan James Edouard de Rothschild, [father of Henri de Rothschild] and offered to members of the Society.

(Nathan) James Edouard de Rothschild, press cuttings, 1882

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Notice sur le baron Nathan-James-Edouard de Rothschild, Paris, M Paillet Motteroz, 1882.