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The Ashton Wold Collection

A collection of documents and photographs and family papers from the estate at Ashton Wold, deposited with The Rothschild Archive London by Dame Miriam Rothschild. For other papers transferred from Ashton Wold see RAL 000/875 Papers of (Nathaniel) Charles Rothschild; RAL 000/972 Papers of Emma, Lady Rothschild; 000/1401 Publications of Miriam Rothschild and 000/1983 Portrait of Rozsika Rothschild.

Access to some of these collections is restricted at the request of the donors and depositors. All papers later than 1945 are currently closed to researchers; for further information please contact The Rothschild Archive »

The Ashton Wold Collection I, [1660]; 1820-1940

000/635, 000/636, 000/639, 000/640, 000/644, 3 boxes, 4 folders

Papers from the Muniment Room, Ashton Wold: sundry items from the strong room at Ashton Wold gifted to the Archive by Dame Miriam’s Rothschild. The collection includes awards of honours, bookplates, illustrations of Rothschild coats of arms, and other correspondence and papers, mainly relating to Miriam’s father Nathaniel (Charles) Rothschild (1877-1923) and her grandfather Nathaniel, 1st Lord Rothschild (1840-1915). The papers include:

  • Letter dated 4 May 1899 to Lionel Walter from the Director of the British Museum, informing Walter that he has been elected to the Board of Trustees of the Museum, 1899;
  • copy birth certificates for Lionel Walter Rothschild, 1873 and 1897;
  • Photocopy of transcript of an indenture dated 29th Jan 1660 concerning the Manor of Tring.
  • Envelope containing drafts and papers of a speech made on 23rd June 1909 by Nathaniel Mayer, 1st Lord Rothschild (1840-1915) on 23rd June 1909 to protest against the Finance Bill; copy of a speech made by Nathaniel Mayer, 1st Lord Rothschild (1840-1915), MP on the question of Home Rule for Ireland.
  • ‘Office Copy’ of the will of Nathaniel Mayer, 1st Lord Rothschild (1840-1915); two ‘Office Copies’ of the will of (Lionel) Walter, 2nd Lord Rothschild (1868-1937);‘Office Copy’ of the will of (Nathaniel) Charles Rothschild (1877-1923);
  • Poster announcing the results of the Parliamentary election 1906 for the Mid Division of the County of Northampton. The poster was issued by Charles Rothschild in his capacity as Sheriff and returning Officer for the Mid Division of the County of Northampton;
  • Election address to’ The electors of the Mid (or Aylesbury) Division of the County of Buckingham’ by Lionel Walter Rothschild, 4 January 1906.
  • Power of Attorney for Emma, Lady Rothschild (1844-1935), re estates of her mother and sister.
  • Papers relating to the first International Conference on Nature Conservation, 1915. Nathaniel (Charles) Rothschild was a delegate of Great Britain to the first International Conference on Nature Conservation, 1915. The papers include correspondence concerning the appointment the Hon N.C. Rothschild as a delegate of Great Britain to the Conference, 1915. The papers include the draft text of a speech given by Charles at the conference, in which he discusses domestic measures in Britain for nature conservancy and outlines measures towards a common international approach for nature conservancy.
  • Painting of flowers by Miriam Rothschild sent to her father, Charles, in Switzerland, 1917, and returned by the censor;
  • Invitation to Mr and Mrs. Charles Rothschild to attend a Guildhall lunch in honour of the German Emperor, 13 November 1907;
  • Folder containing artwork and graphics of the Rothschild coats of arms; two boxes containing glass plates of images of the Rothschild coats of arms.
  • Envelope containing letter from the Privy Council Office dated 9 May 1913 appointing Nathaniel Charles Rothschild to be a member of the Governing Body of the Imperial College of Science and Technology; Order in Council dated 7 May 1913, appointing Nathaniel Charles Rothschild to be a member of the Governing Body of the Imperial College of Science and Technology; Order in Council dated 2 May 1917, re-appointing Nathaniel Charles Rothschild to be a member of the Governing Body of the Imperial College of Science and Technology for a further term;
  • Envelope labelled ‘interesting telegrams’ containing telegrams sent  by Lord and Lady Rothschild (Nathaniel and Emma) announcing the birth of the children of Charles and Rozsika Rothschild; also includes telegrams sent to Charles Rothschild in Hungary from his father concerning the imminent outbreak of the First World War in 1914, 1908-1914;
  • Envelope containing a testimonial dated 29 June 1885 from the Clerks at New Court congratulating Nathaniel, 1st Lord Rothschild on his elevation to the peerage. The clerks have individually signed the document;
  • Envelope labelled ‘the valuable Tring bookplate’ containing two original ink drawings by C.W. Sherborn of the bookplate designed for the Library of Lord Rothschild at Tring Park, his country estate. Signed and dated ‘C W Sherborn, 1898’;
  • Two documents relating to the appointment of Nathan Mayer Rothschild as Austrian Consul General in London: Letters patent of appointment from the Emperor of Austria to Nathan Mayer Rothschild, 16 January 1820, with wooden seal box attached (wax seal missing, presumed lost prior to transfer to The Rothschild Archive); Letters patent of appointment from the Emperor of Austria to Nathan Mayer Rothschild, 28 September  1824, with wooden seal box attached (with wax seal);
  • Illustrated programme from the banquet to celebrate the centenary of the independence of the Argentine Republic, held at the Hotel Cecil, London on Wednesday 25 May 1910. N M Rothschild & Sons were represented on the Organising Committee. Lord Revelstoke was in the chair and Charles Rothschild attended the event;
  • Folder containing invitations to Royal balls, garden parties, courts, receptions, parties and other Royal events, addressed to Charles and Rozsika Rothschild and their children, 1907-1935;
  • Copy of the Lieutenancy of London, 1921, being an alphabetical list of the Lieutenants and their place of residence and standing orders for the business of regulating the Court. [Lionel Walter Rothschild was appointed to the London Commission of Lieutenancy in 1891 and Charles Rothschild was appointed to the London Commission of Lieutenancy in 1899].
  • Folder containing two letters from Queen Mary to Rozsika Rothschild, 1940 concerning Jewish German refugees.
  • Letters patent appointing Nathaniel Mayer, 1st Lord Rothschild as Keeper of the Rolls (Custos Rotuloram) for Buckinghamshire. With attached seal of Queen Victoria in a tin box. Lord Rothschild served as Lord Lieutenant of Buckinghamshire from 20 May 1889 until his death on 31 March 1915. [Since 1702 all Lord Lieutenants of the county of Buckinghamshire have also have served as Custos Rotulorum of Buckinghamshire. The Custos Rotulorum was responsible for the rolls bearing the names and details of all those appointed as magistrates to the Commission of the Peace for the county, and other prescribed legal records. Lord Rothschild succeeded the Duke of Buckingham and Chandos in the role.]
  • Letters patent appointing Nathaniel Mayer, 1st Lord Rothschild Lord Lieutenant of Buckinghamshire. With attached seal of Queen Victoria in a tin box. [Lord Rothschild served as Lord Lieutenant of Buckinghamshire from 20 May 1889 until his death on 31 March 1915. Lord Rothschild succeeded the Duke of Buckingham and Chandos in the role.] 
  • Small blue bound volume: Rules and Regulations of the Bachelors’ Club, 1916-1917. Alfred de Rothschild was an original founding member of the club. The volume lists Anthony de Rothschild (joined 1911), Evelyn de Rothschild (joined 1910), Lord Rothschild (joined 1889) and the Hon N.C. Rothschild (joined 1895) as members.

The Ashton Wold Collection II, 1880-1981

000/1323, 47 boxes

A collection of documents and photographs and family papers from the estate at Ashton Wold, deposited with The Archive by Dame Miriam Rothschild. The collection includes:

  • correspondence, photographs, scientific papers, publications by and about Rothschild family members;
  • papers of Miriam’s father, (Nathaniel) Charles Rothschild, including a number of photograph albums of Harrow schjool, and albums of Charles' 'Round the World' Voyage, 1902,his 'Diary of Japan', 1902, and tours in eastern Europe, 1905-1906; photographs and papers relating to Charles' scientific research; 
  • leather-bound testimonial addressed to Walter Rothschild by the North East London Jewish Institute, Hackney on the opening of their new premises, thanking him for his support, 4 June 1905;
  • Family photograph albums;
  • Volume of press cuttings concerning the 70th birthday of Nathaniel, 1st Lord Rothschild;
  • copies of various books authored by members of the Rothschild family;
  • volume of watercolours and sketches by Leonora, Baroness Alphonse de Rothschild;
  • photographs and sundry estate papers of Ashton Wold and Tring;
  • Sothebys sale catalogues for the 148 Piccadilly sales of 1937;
  • offprints of scientific articles and papers by Miriam Rothschild and Victor, 3rd Lord Rothschild;
  • research papers and photographs collected by Miriam Rothschild for her book Dear Lord Rothschild

List available