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Related family papers: Goldschmidt-Rothschild family

Papers and other material concerning extended family members and family associated by marriage to the Rothschilds. Researchers interested in the wider Rothschild family are advised to consult the monumental genealogy of the Rothschild banking family Le Sang des Rothschild by Joseph Valynseele and Henri Mars (ICC Editions, Paris, 2004). A copy is available upon request in the Reading Room.

The Goldschmidt family were originally of German Jewish descent, from Frankfurt, and were known for their success in banking. With origins tracing back to the 14th century, most members of the family left Frankfurt after the 1614 Fettmilch uprising, and did not return until the 18th century. As well as being connected to the Rothschilds, the Goldschmidts were connected to the Bischoffsheim family of Mainz, leading to the conjointly managed Bischoffsheim, Goldschmidt & Cie bank, which was eventually merged into Banque de Crédit et de Dépôt des Pays-Bas in 1863. 

Maximilian von Goldschmidt-Rothschild (1843-1940) was a German banker and art collector. The son of Benedict Hayum Salomon Goldschmidt, he was the co-inheritor of the Goldschmidt family bank along with his brother Adolphe Goldschmidt. He married Minna Caroline (1857-1903), the daughter of Wilhelm Carl von Rothschild (1828-1901) in 1878. At one point, he was considered the richest person in the German Empire, and after the death of his father-in-law Willy Carl, the last male of the Frankfurt Rothschilds, Maximilian Goldschmidt and his wife appended the Rothschild name to their own, and Emperor William I gave him the title of Baron de Goldschmidt-Rothschild. Minna and Max had five children; Albert Maximilian (1879–1941), Rudolph Maximilian (1881–1962), Lili Jeannette (1883–1925), Lucy Georgine (1891–1977), and Erich Max Benedikt (1894–1987). 

Albert Maximilian (1879-1941) married Miriam Caroline Alexandrine de Rothschild (1884-1965) (his mother Minna’s second cousin) in 1910. Rudolph Maximilian (1881–1962), married Betty Lambert (1894–1969), daughter of Léon Lambert (1851-1919) and Zoé Lucie Betty de Rothschild (1863-1916). 

The English branch of the family anglicised their name to Goldsmith at the start of the nineteenth century; Zac Goldsmith (b.1975) married Alice Miranda Rothschild (b.1983–), daughter of Amschel Rothschild (1955–1996). His brother Ben Goldsmith (b.1980), married Kate Emma Rothschild (b.1982), daughter of Amschel Rothschild (1955–1996).

Archive sources

The Rothschild Archive London holds very few papers of the Goldschmidt-Rothschild family. The archive does not hold any private correspondence or inventories of collections, with the exception of the items listed below. A copy of the will of Max Benedict von Goldschmidt-Rothschild (1843-1940) will be found in the Moscow papers (637 series), (file 637-2/39).

von Goldschmidt-Rothschild family, Albert Maximilian von Goldschmidt-Rothschild (1879-1941), collections, 1933

000/1967, 1 volume

Exhibition and auction catalogue, Kunstwerke aus dem Besitz Baron Albert von Goldschmidt-Rothschild, (Hermann Ball and Paul Graupe, Berlin, 1933). 

von Goldschmidt-Rothschild family, Albert Maximilian von Goldschmidt-Rothschild (1879-1941), photographs, c.1920-1930

000/2558, 361 items

A collection of digital photographs of the family and friends of Albert von Goldschmidt-Rothschild taken in various locations in the 1920s. The images were scanned, with permission from a photograph album owned by the son of a nanny to the family.  

von Goldschmidt-Rothschild family, Max von Goldschmidt-Rothschild (1843-1940), inventory of collections returned, 1949

000/941, 1 file

Liste der von der Stadt Frankfurt/Main zurückgegebenen Gegenstände aus der Sammlung des Freiherrn Max von Goldschmidt-Rothschild, 29 February 1949, being a list (in German) of the collections of Max von Goldschmidt-Rothschild returned by the Frankfurt authorities, 1949. Signed by Hans Brautigen, Executor and Trustee of the Military Government, for the estate of Freiherr Max von Goldschmidt-Rothschild

Included in the accession is a reproduction of a document from the Ardelia Hall Collection, in the United States National Archives & Records Administration. This document, entitled List of the collection of Max von Goldschmidt-Rothschild returned by the Frankfurt authorities, 1949 (in English) is similar to the List in German held by The Rothschild Archive London but appears to be a composite of two lists: the first page is dated 27 July 1949 and annotated on 24 August 1949, while the rest of the document is dated on the final page 26 February 1949. This document comes from a collection of records of the Central Collecting Point (in this case the Munich Collecting Point), where objects which had been discovered by the Allies and were believed to have been looted were collected after the war. (ref: NARA M1946. Administrative records, correspondence, denazification orders, custody receipts, property cards, Jewish restitution claim records, property declarations, and other records from the Munich CCP). 

von Goldschmidt-Rothschild family, Erich Max Benedikt von Goldschmidt-Rothschild (1894-1987), collections, 1931

000/1967, 1 volume

Exhibition and auction catalogue, Die Sammlung Erich von Goldschmidt-Rothschild (Hermann Ball and Paul Graupe, Berlin, 1931). 

von Goldschmidt-Rothschild family, secondary sources and photographs, 1913-c.1990

000/1177, 1 file

Photographs, articles and copies of photographs relating to the von Goldschmidt-Rothschilds in Frankfurt.