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Related family papers: Montefiore family

Papers and other material concerning extended family members and family associated by marriage to the Rothschilds. Researchers interested in the wider Rothschild family are advised to consult the monumental genealogy of the Rothschild banking family Le Sang des Rothschild by Joseph Valynseele and Henri Mars (ICC Editions, Paris, 2004). A copy is available upon request in the Reading Room.

The Montefiores were a family of Sephardi Jews who were European diplomats and bankers. The family originated from Morocco and Italy.

Sir Moses Haim Montefiore, (1784 –1885) was a British financier and banker, activist, philanthropist and Sheriff of London. He was born in Leghorn (Livorno in Italian), Tuscany in 1784, to a Sephardic Jewish family based in Great Britain. His grandfather, Moses Vita (Haim) Montefiore had emigrated from Livorno to London in the 1740s, but retained close contact with the town; Moses was born while his parents, Joseph Elias Montefiore and his young wife Rachel, the daughter of Abraham Mocatta, a powerful bullion broker in London, were in the town on a business journey.

Moses entered a counting house in the City of London, and ultimately became one of the twelve ‘Jew brokers’ licensed by the city. His brother Abraham joined him in the business, and their firm gained a high reputation. He donated large sums of money to promote industry, business, economic development, education and health among the Jewish community at home and abroad.

In 1812, Moses Montefiore married Judith Cohen (1784–1862), daughter of Levy Barent Cohen. Her sister, Hannah (1783–1850), married Nathan Mayer Rothschild (1777–1836), for whom Montefiore's firm acted as stockbrokers. In 1824, Moses Montefiore and Nathan Mayer Rothschild established the Alliance Assurance Company in temporary offices in Moses Montefiore’s home in St Swithin’s Lane.  

See Correspondence Department: Major Correspondents, Montefiore family XI/38/7 for business papers of the Montefiores in Australia and India.

Montefiore family, correspondence and papers, 1814-1895

000/651, 1 file

Papers of the Montefiore family, including correspondence from Moses, Judith and Abraham Montefiore, including legacies; printed Appeal to Prince Charles of Roumania, dated 27 August 1867 from Moses Montefiore concerning the plight of Roumanian Jews, conveyance of land in South Australia 1868, by Jeffrey Cullen, Jacob Montefiore and Louis Montefiore to Lionel, Anthony, Nathaniel, 1st Lord Rothschild and Mayer de Rothschild. [Note: the original provenance of these paper is unknown. It is possible that the papers have been removed out of the Sundry Correspondence series].