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Related family papers: Sassoon family

Papers and other material concerning extended family members and family associated by marriage to the Rothschilds. Researchers interested in the wider Rothschild family are advised to consult the monumental genealogy of the Rothschild banking family Le Sang des Rothschild by Joseph Valynseele and Henri Mars (ICC Editions, Paris, 2004). A copy is available upon request in the Reading Room.

The Sassoon family, known as ‘Rothschilds of the East’ due to the great wealth they accumulated from the opium trade, is of Baghdadi Jewish descent. The family were based in Baghdad, Iraq, before moving to Bombay, India and then to China, England, and other countries. It is said that the family descended from the Shoshans, one of the families of Iberian Peninsula. From the 18th century, the Sassoons were one of the wealthiest families in the world, with a merchant empire spanning the continent of Asia.

The Sassoon family was heavily involved in the shipping and opium production industry in China and India. Elias David Sassoon (1820–1880) had been the first of the family to go to China, in 1844. He later returned to Bombay, before leaving the firm to establish E. D. Sassoon in 1867, with offices in Hong Kong and Shanghai. Another son, Albert Abdullah David Sassoon (1818–1896) took on the running of the firm on his father's death, and notably constructed the Sassoon Docks, the first wet dock built in western India. With two of his brothers he later became prominent in England, and the family were friends of the Prince of Wales, later King Edward VII.

Sundry correspondence correspondence from David Sassoon & Co will be found in Letters Received Miscellaneous, 'American Affairs', 1881-1920 II/54/0-46.

Arthur Abraham David Sassoon (1840-1912) married Louise Perugia (1854-1943), whose sister Marie Perugia (1862–1937) was married to Leopold de Rothschild (1845-1917). Of those who settled in England, the Conservative politician Sir Edward Albert Sassoon (1856–1912), the son of Albert, married Aline Caroline de Rothschild (1868-1909) daughter of Gustave (1829-1911) and Cécile (1840-1912) de Rothschild in 1887.

Sassoon family, correspondence, 1873-1940

000/93/3, 1 box

Sassoon family private family papers, including correspondence sent to Arthur and Louise Sassoon, 1873-1940; correspondence includes: Lord Rosebery, Edward Prince of Wales, 1892-1909; Princess Alexandra, 1888-1898 (includes postcards and cutting re. St. Amant winning the Derby, 11th June 1904); Princess Louise, Princess Victoria; Prince Edward; Prince Albert, 1903-1904; Prince George, Duke of York (George V), 1902-1909; Sir Edward Hamilton; Duke of Devonshire; Duke of Nottingham; Arthur Moro; Marie, Mrs. Leopold de Rothschild, 1908.

Sassoon family, photograph album, c.1850-1915

000/93/2, 1 volume

Sassoon Family photograph album, with initials 'LS' for Louise Sassoon on the cover. Louise Sassoon (nee Perugia) married Arthur Sassoon.  

Sassoon family, photograph album, c.1871

000/890, 1 volume

Photograph album entitled ‘20 December 1871’, containing black and white photographs of people in costume, believed to have belonged to the Sassoon family. Accompanying text in German, with musical score at the back. Loose inserts include a watercolour of a mountainside and two Sassoon silhouettes.

Sassoon family, items deposited in the New Court vaults, c.1890-1930

000/1473, 1 box, 1 folder

Sassoon family items: small green leather case with key, originally from the New Court vaults. The case and its contents belonged to Arthur Abraham David Sassoon (1840-1912) and Mrs Arthur Sassoon (née Perugia) (1854-1943). The box contained items of personal significance, including various artefacts (enamelled silver boxes, a combined silver page marker and letter opener, a silver seal, a mourning pendant and a mourning locket, an enamelled silver Vesta case), badges printed with family photographs, and sundry private family documents. The case and its contents were originally deposited in the New Court vaults of NMR in 1943.

Sassoon family, Arthur Sassoon (1840-1912), executors’ and estate papers, 1912-1918

000/80, 2 boxes

Papers concerning the estate of Arthur Sassoon. Arthur had married Louise Perugia (1854-1943) in 1873. His wife was the sister of Marie Perugia (1862-1937) who married Leopold de Rothschild (1845-1917) in 1881. 

Sassoon family, Louise Sassoon (née Perugia) (1854-1943), estate papers, 1942-1943

000/129, 3 files

Will and probate papers of Louise Sassoon. Her sister, Marie Perugia (1862-1937) married Leopold de Rothschild (1845-1917) in 1881. 

Sassoon family, Visitors' Book, Tulchan Lodge, 1906-1915

000/1768/2, 1 item

Photocopy of a Visitors’ Book from Tulchan, Scotland, the shooting lodge owned by the Sassoon family, covering the period 1906-1915. The original is retained in the collection at Ascott House.