Eugène von Rothschild (1884-1976)
Eugène von Rothschild, the fourth son of Albert and Bettina, was born on 6 March 1884. Eugène showed very little inclination to enter the banking world, and instead became a soldier. Eugène served in the first world war, but after 1918, the army was much reduced and he could not continue his military career. On 28 April 1925 he married Cathleen 'Kitty' Wolff and lived most of the time in Paris with her. Kitty, an American, was a friend of Wallis Simpson, and through this connection, Eugène's home at Enzesfeld, outside Vienna, became a focus of world attention in 1936. When Edward VIII abdicated in order to marry Wallis, he made straight for the sanctuary of Enzesfeld.
Eugène had a difficult time during the war, seeing all his properties confiscated under the Nazis and having, with other members of his family, to pay a substantial ransom for the release of his brother Louis from imprisonment by the Gestapo in Vienna. In due course, he departed for the United States.
The post-war years found Baron Eugene living in a modest, but well-furnished cottage on Long Island where he pursued his interest in mathematics, travelling and mourning his wife Kitty, who had died in 1946, and whose grave at the end of the garden he visited daily. In 1952 he married the actress Jeanne Stuart. They had property in Manhattan, as well as a house in England, but finally settled in Monte Carlo, where Eugène died in 1976. Jeanne died in Monaco in 2003.
For private papers, see Jeanne, Baroness Eugène de Rothschild (née Stuart) (1908-2003).