Moscow Papers (637 series)
The Archive also holds early material which was collected by Salomon von Rothschild (1774-1855) in Vienna, as well as a small number of later records of the Frankfurt house which the Viennese bank acquired in the course of its business. Papers of the Viennese Rothschild family were seized by the Nazis in 1938, and later taken by the Red Army to Moscow. These papers known as 'The Moscow Papers' were deposited with the Rothschild Archive in 2001.
The article 'The Return of the Austrian Rothschild Archive' in The Rothschild Archive Annual Review 2001-2002 gives more information about the history of these records.