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Bleichröder, S. General Business Correspondence

XI/63/0-24; XI/63/25-39 (000/871), 71 boxes

The Bleichröder correspondence is divided into two distinct series: private business and general business. The private business correspondence dates from 1850 to 1893, and the general from 1831 onwards. The private letters are from Gerson Bleichröder, the Rothschild agent in Berlin. All are written in German with Hebrew used occasionally for names and key terms. The correspondence becomes more substantial from 1865 only. Virtually all the letters were written in Berlin and were addressed personally to Baron James in Paris until his death (1868), after which time they are addressed to the "Baron" in Paris or to the bank generally. Some letters are addressed to Lionel or NMR in London, usually those dealing with specific business matters. A number of letters dated 1879 derive ultimately from the Frankfurt house, having been sent to Bleichröder in copy. They are addressed to Count Levaschoff, the president of a "Russian Mutual Association" in St Petersburg.

Bleichröder wrote virtually on a daily basis, but there are significant gaps in the series for several years, especially for the months November to March when very often there is not one letter. From about 1878 the letters become standardised in content and format, diminishing significantly in quantity from 1883 until 1888 when there are only a handful for the whole year. The correspondence for 1893 includes letters of thanks from Bleichroder's family for condolences expressed on his death.

There is a good deal of business information in the correspondence, especially loan issues, but also news from the Berlin Stock Exchange and political intelligence. Bleichroder provides a detailed interpretation of Prussian/German politics with a particular emphasis on foreign affairs. In the 1860s he charts developments leading to the wars with Denmark and Austria. In 1870 and 1871 reports on the Franco-Prussian war predominate. After the foundation of the Second Empire, Bleichroder reports extensively on Russian politics and on Russo-German relations. His information was derived from rumour, contacts with the Prussian court and - as he was at pains to stress - from personal meetings with Chancellor Bismarck, whose banker he was. In the lead-up to the outbreak of war with France, he complains to James that he has not been briefed by the Chancellor for several days and is thus able to provide only information to which the general public had access. There are occasional references to Jewish affairs. For example in 1875, he notes the formal emancipation of the Jews of Serbia, Montenegro, Bulgaria and Romania.

German

List of available records

1831 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/0A
1832 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/0A
1833 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/0B
1834 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/0C
1835 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/1A
1836 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/1B
1837 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/1C
1838 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/1C
1839 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/1C
1840 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/2A
1841 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/2A
1842 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/2A
1843 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/2A
1844 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/2B
1845 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/2B
1846 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/2B
1847 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/2C
1848 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/2C
1849 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/2C
1850 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/3A
1851 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/3A
1852 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/3A
1853 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/3B
1854 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/3B
1855 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/4A
1856 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/4A
1857 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/4B
1858 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/4B
1859 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/4C
1860 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/5A
1861 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/5A
1862 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/5B
1863 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/5B
1864 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/5C
1865 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/6A
1866 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/6B
1867 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/6C
1868 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/7A
1869 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/7B
1870 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/7C
1871 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/8A
1872 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/8B
1873 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/9A
1873 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/9B
1874 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/9C
1875 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/10A
1876 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/10B
1877 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/11A
1878 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/11B
1879 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/12
1880 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/13A
1880 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/13B
1881 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/14A
1881 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/14B
1882 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/15A
1883 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/15A
1883 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/15B
1884 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/15B
1885 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/16A
1886 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/16B
1887 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/16B
1888 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/17A
1889 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/17B
1890 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/18A
1891 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/18A
1892 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/18B
1893 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/19A
1894 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/19A
1894 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/19B
1895 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/19B
1896 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business): Sal Oppenheim Jr & Co and Paul Schwabach XI/63/20A
1897 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business): Sal Oppenheim Jr & Co and Paul Schwabach XI/63/20A
1898 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/20B
1899 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/20B
1900 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/21A
1901 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/21A
1902 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/21B
1903 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/21B
1904 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/22
1905 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/22
1906 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/22
1907 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/23A
1908 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/23A
1909 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/23A
1910 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/23B
1911 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/23B
1912 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/23B
1913 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/23B
1914 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/24
1915 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/24
1916 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/24
1917 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/24
1918 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/24
1919 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/24
1920 Letters from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/24
1921 Letters & Telegrams from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/25
1922 Letters & Telegrams from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/26
1923 Letters & Telegrams from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/27
1924 Letters & Telegrams from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/28
1925 Letters & Telegrams from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/29
1926 Letters & Telegrams from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/30
1927 Letters & Telegrams from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/31
1928 Letters & Telegrams from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business): Jan – Jun 1928 XI/63/32
1928 Letters & Telegrams from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business): Jul – Dec 1928 XI/63/32
1929 Special Letters & Telegrams from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/33
1930 Special Letters & Telegrams from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/34
1931 Special Letters & Telegrams from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business): Jan – Jun 1931 XI/63/35
1931 Special Letters & Telegrams from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business): Jul – Dec 1931 XI/63/35
1932 Special Letters & Telegrams from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/36
1933 Special Letters & Telegrams from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/37
1934 Special Letters & Telegrams from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/38
1935 Special Letters & Telegrams from Bleichröder, S: Berlin (General business) XI/63/39