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Bleichröder, S. Private Business Correspondence

XI/64/0-1, 2 boxes

The Bleichröder correspondence is divided into two distinct series: private business and general business. The private business correspondence dates from 1850 to 1893, and the general from 1831 onwards. The private letters are from Gerson Bleichröder, the Rothschild agent in Berlin. All are written in German with Hebrew used occasionally for names and key terms. The correspondence becomes more substantial from 1865 only. Virtually all the letters were written in Berlin and were addressed personally to Baron James in Paris until his death (1868), after which time they are addressed to the "Baron" in Paris or to the bank generally. Some letters are addressed to Lionel or NMR in London, usually those dealing with specific business matters. A number of letters dated 1879 derive ultimately from the Frankfurt house, having been sent to Bleichröder in copy. They are addressed to Count Levaschoff, the president of a "Russian Mutual Association" in St Petersburg.

Bleichröder wrote virtually on a daily basis, but there are significant gaps in the series for several years, especially for the months November to March when very often there is not one letter. From about 1878 the letters become standardised in content and format, diminishing significantly in quantity from 1883 until 1888 when there are only a handful for the whole year. The correspondence for 1893 includes letters of thanks from Bleichröder's family for condolences expressed on his death.

There is a good deal of business information in the correspondence, especially loan issues, but also news from the Berlin Stock Exchange and political intelligence. Bleichroder provides a detailed interpretation of Prussian/German politics with a particular emphasis on foreign affairs. In the 1860s he charts developments leading to the wars with Denmark and Austria. In 1870 and 1871 reports on the Franco-Prussian war predominate. After the foundation of the Second Empire, Bleichroder reports extensively on Russian politics and on Russo-German relations. His information was derived from rumour, contacts with the Prussian court and - as he was at pains to stress - from personal meetings with Chancellor Bismarck, whose banker he was. In the lead-up to the outbreak of war with France, he complains to James that he has not been briefed by the Chancellor for several days and is thus able to provide only information to which the general public had access. There are occasional references to Jewish affairs. For example in 1875, he notes the formal emancipation of the Jews of Serbia, Montenegro, Bulgaria and Romania.

German

List of available records

1850 Letters from Gerson Bleichröder: Berlin (Private Business) XI/64/0
1851 Letters from Gerson Bleichröder: Berlin (Private Business) XI/64/0
1852 Letters from Gerson Bleichröder: Berlin (Private Business) XI/64/0
1853 Letters from Gerson Bleichröder: Berlin (Private Business) XI/64/0
1854 Letters from Gerson Bleichröder: Berlin (Private Business) XI/64/0
1855 Letters from Gerson Bleichröder: Berlin (Private Business) XI/64/0
1856 Letters from Gerson Bleichröder: Berlin (Private Business) XI/64/0
1857 Letters from Gerson Bleichröder: Berlin (Private Business) XI/64/0
1858 Letters from Gerson Bleichröder: Berlin (Private Business) XI/64/0
1859 Letters from Gerson Bleichröder: Berlin (Private Business) XI/64/0
1860 Letters from Gerson Bleichröder: Berlin (Private Business) XI/64/0
1861 Letters from Gerson Bleichröder: Berlin (Private Business) XI/64/0
1862 Letters from Gerson Bleichröder: Berlin (Private Business) XI/64/0
1863 Letters from Gerson Bleichröder: Berlin (Private Business) XI/64/0
1864 Letters from Gerson Bleichröder: Berlin (Private Business) XI/64/0
1865 Letters from Gerson Bleichröder: Berlin (Private Business) XI/64/0
1866 Letters from Gerson Bleichröder: Berlin (Private Business) XI/64/0
1867 Letters from Gerson Bleichröder: Berlin (Private Business) XI/64/0
1868 Letters from Gerson Bleichröder: Berlin (Private Business) XI/64/0
1869 Letters from Gerson Bleichröder: Berlin (Private Business) XI/64/0
1870 Letters from Gerson Bleichröder: Berlin (Private Business) XI/64/0
1871 Letters from Gerson Bleichröder: Berlin (Private Business) XI/64/0
1872 Letters from Gerson Bleichröder: Berlin (Private Business) XI/64/0
1873 Letters from Gerson Bleichröder: Berlin (Private Business) XI/64/0
1874 Letters from Gerson Bleichröder: Berlin (Private Business) XI/64/0
1875 Letters from Gerson Bleichröder: Berlin (Private Business) XI/64/0
1876 Letters from Gerson Bleichröder: Berlin (Private Business) XI/64/0
1877 Letters from Gerson Bleichröder: Berlin (Private Business) XI/64/0
1878 Letters from Gerson Bleichröder: Berlin (Private Business) XI/64/1
1879 Letters from Gerson Bleichröder: Berlin (Private Business) XI/64/1
1880 Letters from Gerson Bleichröder: Berlin (Private Business) XI/64/1
1881 Letters from Gerson Bleichröder: Berlin (Private Business) XI/64/1
1882 Letters from Gerson Bleichröder: Berlin (Private Business) XI/64/1
1883 Letters from Gerson Bleichröder: Berlin (Private Business) XI/64/1
1884 Letters from Gerson Bleichröder: Berlin (Private Business) XI/64/1
1885 Letters from Gerson Bleichröder: Berlin (Private Business) XI/64/1
1886 Letters from Gerson Bleichröder: Berlin (Private Business) XI/64/1
1887 Letters from Gerson Bleichröder: Berlin (Private Business) XI/64/1
1888 Letters from Gerson Bleichröder: Berlin (Private Business) XI/64/1
1889 Letters from Gerson Bleichröder: Berlin (Private Business) XI/64/1
1890 Letters from Gerson Bleichröder: Berlin (Private Business) XI/64/1
1891 Letters from Gerson Bleichröder: Berlin (Private Business) XI/64/1
1892 Letters from Gerson Bleichröder: Berlin (Private Business) XI/64/1
1893 Letters from Gerson Bleichröder: Berlin (Private Business) XI/64/1