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Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (1882-1942)

Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (1882-1942) was the eldest of the three sons of Leopold and Marie. He was educated at Harrow and Trinity College Cambridge before taking his place as a partner at New Court. In 1912 he married Marie-Louise Beer the sister of Nelly de Rothschild (née Beer) who had married Robert de Rothschild in 1907. Lionel and Marie had four children: Rosemary, Edmund, Naomi and Leopold.

Business at New Court

On 1 April 1915, along with his cousin Charles (1877-1923) Lionel became a Partner at New Court. Nathaniel Mayer, 1st Lord Rothschild (1840-1915) who had been Senior Partner at New Court since 1879 had died on 31 March 1915, to be succeeded by his brother Alfred (1842-1918), who himself was in poor health. The official insistence (from no less than the King himself) that Lionel should remain at New Court to direct the affairs of the London House did not prevent him from serving his country with distinction during the First World War. He served in the reserves as a major in the Buckinghamshire Yeomanry and managed the City of London's recruiting office, earning an OBE and a 'valuable services' mention. Lionel became Senior Partner in 1923 on the death of his cousin Charles. Under Lionel, the bank began a steady transition towards advisory work and finance raising for commercial concerns, including successful bond issues for the London Underground, and issuing shares in the UK business of F.W. Woolworth. Lionel died, aged just 60, in 1942.

Private passions

Lionel was closely attached to the Vale of Aylesbury, serving as MP from 1910 to 1923; some papers realting to his parliamentary career are preserved in his files from the Partners' Room. 

Lionel was closely involved with many organisations concerning the affairs of British Jews, such as the Jewish War Services Committee (1915-1918), The Jewish Memorial Council and the League of British Jews. Further papers relating to Jewish organisations will be found in the Secretary’s Department, Correspondence Files, 1 series. see also Papers of institutions »

Selling Halton House in 1918 which he inherited from his uncle Alfred, Lionel developed his estate of Exbury in Hampshire.  Exbury became the focus of his life, the scene of his many triumphs in rhododendron hybridization, many specimens being named after family and friends. See Family papers: Lionel de Rothschild (1882-1942) and Estates: Exbury for papers relating to his horticultural interests.

Business papers of Lionel de Rothschild

 

Sundry business papers of Lionel de Rothschild will be found listed below.

Partners' Room, Lionel de Rothschild (1882-1942), sundry papers, 1903

000/1110, 1 file

Partners’ Room files, 20 series, Mr Lionel de Rothschild, large slip-cased map of Gunnersbury, 1903.

Partners' Room, Special Correspondence, Lionel de Rothschild (1882-1942), XI/15 series, 1918-1940

XI/15, 29 boxes

Private papers of Lionel de Rothschild (1882-1942), registered into NMR file series XI/15. The papers concern matters that were dealt with from New Court, and concern a mixture of business and personal affairs covering many aspects of Lionel’s work, life and interests, in particular horticulture, motoring, Lionel’s activities as a Member of Parliament, his estates and purchases. The folders include correspondence with other members of the Rothschild family, including Lionel’s son Edmund de Rothschild and his cousin Robert de Rothschild. The papers also include material relating to Jewish matters such as Jewish refugees and pensions for the chief rabbi. The collection consists mainly of correspondence, with some printed reports. Some files are closed.

Partners' Room, Private receipts, Lionel de Rothschild (1882-1942), 11 series, 1921-1941

000/2208, 6 boxes

Packets from the Partners' Room, New Court: containing receipts for personal expenses for Mr Lionel de Rothschild. Although the receipts concern primarily private expenses, they are to be found in the NMR 11 file series as the payments are likely to have come from NMR accounts or been handled by Mr Lionel de Rothschild's New Court clerks/secretary. The receipts are for household goods and services (insurance, telephone, catering), utilities, food and wine, pharmacy supplies, clothing, motoring supplies, yacht supplies, guns, gardening equipment, plants, flower, seeds, books, camera equipment, cigars, cigarettes, watches, jewellery etc. supplied to Lionel de Rothschild at his London properties and at his Exbury estate. The files include receipts for work at 18 Kensington Palace Gardens, 1931-1939 and Romaine, Walker & Jenkins receipts for work at 18 Kensington Palace Gardens 1931-1941. Some files were found at New Court, in the Corporate Records Department, others, which had become separated from the series, were found at Exbury House.

  • 11/1 Mr Lionel de Rothschild: private receipts, 1921;
  • 11/2 Mr Lionel de Rothschild: private receipts, 1922;
  • 11/3 Mr Lionel de Rothschild: private receipts, 1923;
  • 11/4 Mr Lionel de Rothschild: private receipts, 1924;
  • 11/5 Mr Lionel de Rothschild: private receipts, 1925;
  • 11/6 Mr Lionel de Rothschild: private receipts, 1926;
  • 11/7 Mr Lionel de Rothschild: private receipts, 1927;
  • 11/8 Mr Lionel de Rothschild: private receipts, 1928;
  • 11/9 Mr Lionel de Rothschild: private receipts, 1929;
  • 11/10 Mr Lionel de Rothschild: private receipts, 1930;
  • 11/11 Mr Lionel de Rothschild: private receipts, 1931;
  • 11/12 Mr Lionel de Rothschild: private receipts, 1932;
  • 11/13 Mr Lionel de Rothschild: private receipts, 1933;
  • 11/14 Mr Lionel de Rothschild: private receipts, 1934;
  • 11/15 Mr Lionel de Rothschild: private receipts, 1935;
  • 11/16 Mr Lionel de Rothschild: private receipts, 1936;
  • 11/17 Mr Lionel de Rothschild: private receipts, Holland & Hannan & Cubitts receipts for work at 18 Kensington Palace Gardens, 1931-1935;
  • 11/18 Mr Lionel de Rothschild: private receipts, 1937;
  • 11/19 Mr Lionel de Rothschild: private receipts, 1938;
  • 11/20 Mr Lionel de Rothschild: private receipts, 1939;
  • 11/21 Mr Lionel de Rothschild: private receipts, Holland & Hannan & Cubitts receipts, 1936-1939, Romaine, Walker & Jenkins receipts, Oct 1931, for work at 18 Kensington Palace Gardens:
  • 11/22 Mr Lionel de Rothschild: private receipts, 1940;
  • 11/23 Mr Lionel de Rothschild: private receipts, 1941

Partners' Room, Private files (43 series): condolences received on the death of Lionel (Walter), 2nd Lord Rothschild, 1937

000/1110 (43/1), 1 file

Partners' Room, Private files (43 series): condolences received by the Partners on the death of (Lionel) Walter, 2nd Lord Rothschild (1868-1937). Walter, 2nd Lord Rothschild played no part in the business at New Court after 1908; he devoted his life to natural history and not banking, concentrating on developing his collections and his museum, the finest privately owned institution of its kind in the world.     

Partners' Room: Lionel de Rothschild (1882-1942): Parliamentary career, Aylesbury constituency, sundry correspondence and papers (NMR file series), 1919-1925

000/1110 (13/1, 14/1, 16/1, 17/1), 000/2027/2, 000/2269, 1 volume, 4 files

Lionel de Rothschild (1882-1942) held the seat of Aylesbury for the Conservatives from 1910 until 1923. He fought the 1918 election unopposed, standing as a Unionist, endorsed by the Coalition Government. (Note: these papers were registered into files in the NMR Partners' Room series):

  • Printed copy of the Register of Electors, Autumn 1919 for the Aylesbury Parliamentary Division of the County of Buckingham. (NMR ref 18/1);
  • Mid-Bucks election, 1922: correspondence and papers, including copies of election addresses, pledge card for Lionel's campaign, correspondence with agents, well-wishers, campaign organisers, volunteers; lists of questions put to candidates by local groups and national bodies. Letters of thanks and telegrams of congratulation on Lionel's victory in the campaign, 1922. (NMR ref 13/1).
  • Aylesbury constiutuency: sundry correspondence and papers, 1920-1925. (NMR ref 14/1, 16/1 and 17/1).